Definition of cultural heritage

There is no clear definition of cultural heritage. It is assumed that cultural heritage is a resource of tangible and intangible things, together with related spiritual values, historical and moral phenomena, recognized as worthy of legal protection ... "for the good of a specific society and its development, and for passing them on to future generations, due to understandable and accepted historical, patriotic, religious, scientific and artistic values ‚Äč‚Äčthat are important for the identity and continuity of political, social and cultural development, proving truths and commemorating historical events, cultivating a sense of beauty and civilization community. "

The material cultural heritage is divided into immovable heritage, including buildings that can themselves contain installed art, and movable heritage, including books, documents, works of art, moving machinery, clothes, and other artifacts that are considered worthy of future behavior. These include objects relevant to archeology, architecture, science and technology with a specific culture.

The intangible cultural heritage includes non-physical aspects in a specified culture. It also applies to behaviors in society, often formal rules operating in a specific cultural context. This includes social and tradition values, customs, aesthetic and spiritual beliefs, language and other aspects of human activity.

Natural heritage is also an important element of society's heritage, covering rural areas and the natural environment, including flora and fauna, as well as geological elements. This heritage includes cultural landscapes, the protection of rare animal breeds and plant species.

Characteristics of cultural heritage in the countries of the MINERVA Project Partners: